Some guidance from IRS Tax Tip 2022-184

A few things to know about deductions

  • Deductions can reduce the amount of a taxpayer’s income before they calculate the tax they owe.
  • Most people take the standard deduction. The standard deduction is adjusted each year for inflation. The amount of the standard deduction depends on a taxpayer’s filing status, age, whether they’re blind, and whether the taxpayer is claimed as a dependent by someone else.
  • Some people are required to itemize their deductions, and some people may choose to do so because it reduces their taxable income more than the standard deduction.
  • As a general rule, if a taxpayer’s itemized deductions are larger than their standard deduction, they should itemize.
  • Taxpayers can use the Interactive Tax Assistant to see what expenses they may be able to itemize.

Things to know about tax credits

  • Taxpayers can subtract tax credits from the total amount of tax they owe.
  • Some tax credits, like the earned income tax credit, are even refundable, which means a taxpayer could get a refund even if they don’t owe any taxes.
  • To claim a credit, taxpayers should keep records that show their eligibility for it. Properly claiming tax credits can reduce taxes owed and boost refunds.
  • Taxpayers can check now to see if they qualify to claim any credits next year on their tax return.

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